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Men & Women’s Hormones Disorders




Testosterone is an important male hormone which is required for adequate sexual desire and performance for men. It is also responsible for strong bones, muscles mass, energy and vigor. The brain and pituitary gland control the production of testosterone by the testes. Low testosterone (hypogonadism) can cause loss of sexual desire, poor erection (erectile disorder), enlargement of breasts (gynecomastia), week and thin bones (osteoporosis), decreased muscle mass, low energy and fatigue. Testosterone levels can be checked in blood. There are various preparations of testosterone available in form of intramuscular injections, patches and gels to be applied on skin behind the shoulder and solutions to be used under arm pits.

Poor erections (erectile dysfunction) can also be due to psychological stresses, circulatory dysfunction or nerve damage to penis. Erectile disorder can be treated with oral pills, gels to be used in the urethra or by vacuum devices.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition caused by excessive male hormone production by ovaries in women, which can manifest as excessive facial and body hair growth, irregular menstrual periods and infrequent ovulation and infertility. PCOS is also associated with insulin resistance and risk for developing diabetes. Rarely male hormone producing tumors of ovaries and adrenal glands can mimic PCOS. All women with above mentioned symptoms should be evaluated to rule out these rare tumors. Appropriate medications including (estrogens, progesterone, anti-androgens and insulin sensitizers) and life style modifications can help not only with symptoms of irregular periods and hirsutism but can also decrease metabolic risk of diabetes.

Gender identity disorder (GID) is a conflict between a person's actual physical gender and the gender that person identifies himself or herself as, which can cause significant discomfort and depression. For example, a person identified as a boy may actually feel and act like a girl. Once diagnosed by a mental health provider as GID with one year of real life experience (RLE), patients may be legally eligible to take hormones to transform the desired gender under supervision of a physcian.

Patient education tool for male hypogonadism (low testosterone level) sexual dysfunction

Patient education tool for Klinefelter's syndrome

Patient education tool for hormone abuse

Patient education tool for male breast enlargement (Gynecomastia)

Patient education tool for male infertility

Patient education tool for women’s health

Patient education tool for female infertility

Patient education tool for female sexual dysfunction

Patient education tool for Menopause