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Thyroid Gland Disorders

The Thyroid gland is present in lower central part of neck. It produces thyroid hormone, which acts as fuel for various organs of body including brain, heart, bones, eyes, skin and overall well being.

There are some diseases which affect the function of thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism means overactive thyroid gland, which makes body metabolism faster leading to symptoms of rapid heart rate, palpitations, anxiety, tremors, heat intolerance, sweating, hair loss, brittle nails, and loss of muscle mass and strength. Hyperthyroidism can be due to graves’ disease (autoimmune antibodies associated with overactive thyroid gland); nodules (lumps) in thyroid gland, thyroiditis (inflammation of thyroid gland) or excessive iodine intake (usually present in contrast material for CT scan or heart catheterization).

Hypothyroidism means under active thyroid gland, which slows down body metabolism leading to symptoms of excessive weight gain, fatigue, depression, forgetfulness, difficulty learning, dry skin, brittle nails, thin hairs, sore muscles, cold intolerance and constipation.